Rastriya Swayam Sevak Sangh (RSS) is a Hindu nationalist organization in India. It was founded in 1925 by K. B. Hedgewar and is currently led by Mohan Bhagwat. The organization’s ideology is based on the principle of “Hindutva,” which emphasizes the belief in a strong and united Hindu community. It is considered to be the parent organization of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the ruling political party in India.
The RSS is organized into shakhas, or local branches, which hold daily meetings for physical exercise, drills, and discussions on current events and ideology. The organization has a strict hierarchy and discipline, with a focus on volunteer work and selfless service to the nation and society.
Critics have accused the organization of promoting a divisive and exclusionary agenda, while supporters argue that it is working to preserve traditional Indian values and culture.
The RSS is considered to be the parent organization of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which is currently the ruling political party in India. Many of the party’s leaders, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, have been members of the RSS.
The current leader of the organization is Mohan Bhagwat, who succeeded K.S. Sudarshan as the Sarsanghchalak (Chief) of the organization in 2009.
It has been described as the ideological parent of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and several other Hindu nationalist groups in India, including the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) and the Bajrang Dal.
At the top of the hierarchy is the Sarsanghchalak (Chief), who is the supreme leader of the organization. The current Sarsanghchalak is Mohan Bhagwat. Under the Sarsanghchalak are the Sarkaryavah (General Secretary) and the Sah Sarkaryavah (Joint General Secretary), who are responsible for the day-to-day operations of the organization.
The next level of the hierarchy is the Prant Pracharak (Regional Organizer), who is in charge of the organization’s activities in a particular region or state. Under the Prant Pracharak are the Shakha Pracharak (Branch Organizer), who are responsible for the activities of the local branches or shakhas.
The shakhas are the basic unit of the organization and are found throughout India. They hold daily meetings for physical exercise, drills, and discussions on current events and ideology. Participants in the shakhas are known as swayamsevaks.
The RSS also has a number of affiliated organizations, including the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP), and the Bajrang Dal. These organizations have their own leaders and organizational structures, but they are closely linked to the RSS and share its ideology.
Overall the organizational structure of the RSS is a strong centralized one with the top leadership having control over the entire organization’s activities.
The Rastriya Swayam Sevak Sangh (RSS) is a Hindu nationalist organization in India that claims to work for the betterment of society and nation through various activities. Supporters of the RSS argue that the organization has made significant contributions to Indian society in areas such as education, social welfare, and disaster relief. Some of the benefits that the RSS claims to provide to society include:
Social welfare:The RSS engaged in various social welfare activities such as running schools, hospitals, and orphanages..
Disaster relief: The RSS has a well-organized disaster relief unit that is known for its quick and effective response in times of natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, and cyclones.
Cultural preservation: The RSS claims to be working to preserve traditional Indian values and culture, through the promotion of Hindu religious and cultural practices.
National unity: The RSS claims to be working to promote national unity and integrity through its emphasis on the idea of “Hindutva” or a strong and united Hindu community.
Volunteerism: The RSS encourages volunteerism and selfless service to society and the nation as a core principle of its organization.